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We are in the process of posting some of our publications that are relevant to energy and climate issues.

Solar Plan for Oregon, December 2013  This short paper describes a planning scenario in which 20 percent of Oregon electricity would eventually be produced from solar energy resources.  The scenario reduces the cost of Oregon’s electric system by about $2 billion in 2012 dollars, and avoids production of about 100 million tons of greenhouse gas pollution.  Download here Solar Plan for Oregon December 2013

Vision to Integrate Solar in Oregon (VISOR), Chris Robertson, for the Oregon Solar Energy Industries Association, April, 2013. This study documents how large scale solar energy power plants are now cost-effective in Oregon as PURPA qualifying facilities.  It outlines the non-energy benefits of PV installations, examines barriers to implementation of both utility-scale and building-level distributed PV systems, and provides recommendations for state policy makers and advocates. Download the VISOR study here.

PV as an End-Use, Least-Cost, Best-Fit Resource, Chris Robertson, PowerPoint for ASES 2008 panel. Abstract:  Electric utilities with summer peak demand and RPS policy requirements can develop distributed PV as a negative-cost peak-capacity distribution, transmission and generation. PV’s strong synergies with energy efficiency, load management, plug-in hybrid-electric cars, local energy storage, demand response. Utility-driven DPV complements but does not replace customer-driven, policy-supported PV. Regulators and policy-makers can reward utility shareholders with better returns and reduce customer energy rates. PV as end-use, least-cost, best fit resources, ASES 2008

Utility-Driven Solar Energy as a Least-Cost Strategy to Meet RPS Policy Goals and Open New Markets, Chris Robertson and Jill K. Cliburn, American Solar Energy Society, 2006. This paper demonstrates how utilities can develop and own distributed photovoltaic (DPV) resources to meet their renewable portfolio standard requirements. DPV resources produce valuable savings in generation, transmission and distribution peak demand, and create risk management and business benefits, all of which are internal to utility economics. These benefits can be maximized if the utility takes the lead in locating the DPV resource where, when and at the scale it is needed, and in designing and managing it to meet utility peak demands. A surprising conclusion from this analysis is that utility-driven DPV resources often save more than they cost, and can be less expensive than central station renewables. Utility-driven DPV may be the least-cost choice for utilities that have summer peak demands and renewable energy generation requirements under their state’s Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS). As policy-makers and utilities understand this strategy, opportunities increase for reaching higher RPS goals more cost-effectively. Utility-Driven Solar Energy, 2006 ASES Conference

Utility Prospects Under the Sun, Chris Robertson, Solar Today, July August 2004. This short article explores the then-growing interest among utilities in investing in solar energy, and some of the benefits of distributed generation. Utility Prospects Under the Sun, Solar Today

Data Centers, Power and Pollution Prevention, Chris Robertson and Joe Romm, National Environmental Trust, 2002. Data centers worldwide now consume about 1.3% of global electrical energy. This paper describes how data center owners can adopt distributed generation and energy efficiency strategies to reduce their carbon footprint. Though somewhat dated, many of the recommendations are still pertinent to data center design and power supply.  In addition, the new solar economics provide a new path for data center owners to both reduce their total energy bill and to completely offset their electricity use with zero carbon power. This paper can be downloaded here. Data Centers Power and Pollution Prevention

Additional Papers and Publications

Recommendations to Enhance Building Monitoring, Diagnostics and Commissioning in the Federal Energy Management Program, Chris Robertson, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 2000

Design for Energy Efficiency Adds Value to Semiconductor Industry Shareholders, Chris Robertson, Semiconductor Fabtech, Tenth Edition

Strategies to Improve Energy Efficiency in Semiconductor Manufacturing, Chris Robertson, Jay Stein, Mark Cherniack, and Jeff Harris, ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Industry, July 1997.

Two Industrial Fuel Cell Drivers: Chips and Cars, Chris Robertson, Clean Power 97, A Conference on the Business of Selling Clean Power in New England, May 28, 1997, Boston.

Energy Issues for Consideration in the 1997 Roadmap Revision Process, Chris Robertson, Jay Stein, Environment Safety and Health Technical Working Group, National Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors, January 17, 1997.

Utility Services to Leverage the CFC Phase-Out, Jay Stein and Chris Robertson, 7th National DSM Conference, Dallas, TX. June 1995.

Whole Building Efficiency Improvement During HVAC Refrigerant Conversion, Chris Robertson, Jay Stein, Jack Wolpert, Third International Energy Efficiency and DSM Conference, “Charting the Future,” November 1 – 3, 1994, Vancouver, Canada.

Turning the CFC Phase Out Into Energy and Dollar Savings, Chris Robertson, Jay Stein, Jack Wolpert, Bruce Jones, E-Source Tech Memo, E-Source, Boulder, CO, June 1994.

How to Manage Chiller Plants Through the CFC Transition, Chris Robertson, and Jay Stein, Energy Ideas, April 1994.

HVAC Synergy: Engineering Performance Studies on Chiller Refrigerant Conversion Strategies, Jack Wolpert, Jay Stein, and Chris Robertson, Proceedings, 1994 Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy, Washington DC.

HVAC Retirement: A New Demand Side Management Strategy, Jay Stein, Chris Robertson, and Jack Wolpert, Association of Energy Engineers, 16th World Energy Engineering Conference, October 1993.